Plants that make mycorrhizal associations

Excerpt from Radical Mycology listing which plants have which mycorrhizal associations

Radical Mycology - decompose toxins to cultivate life
Banner image from Radical Mycology website

Edited notes from the Radical Mycology book by Peter McCoy. Handy knowledge when making your own mycorrhizal inoculant.

  1. Arbuscular (endo)mycorrhizal
  2. Non-mycorrhizal
  3. Ectomycorrhizal

1. Arbuscular (Endo)mycorrhizal plants (80-90%)

The majority of wild plants, including shrubs, wildflowers and broad leaf trees associate with AM, as do redwood, cedar and juniper trees. These include:

  • Almost all groups of Pteridophyta
  • Most groups of Gymnospermae
  • Majority of families in the Angiospermae
  • All palms
  • All plants in the Bryophyta
  • Almost all bulb plants
  • Anything related to roses, apples, peaches, pears, strawberries etc.
  • Most tropical plants (apart from orchids)
  • Majority of horticultural species
  • Almost all crop plants
  • All cultivated grasses
  • Shrubs and foliage plants except for Rhododendron, Azalea and Heath
  • Berries except for blueberries, cranberries and lingonberries
  • Nut trees except pecan, hazelnuts and filberts
  • Fruit trees including tropical fruits
  • Many wetland/aquatic species except rushes and horsetails

2. Non-mycorrhizal plants (5%)

Brassicaceae

  • Broccoli
  • Brussels
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Collards
  • Kale
  • Rutabaga

Others

  • Beet
  • Carnation
  • Mustard
  • Orchids
  • Protea
  • Rush
  • Sedge
  • Spinach

3. Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) plants (5%)

Primary plant families:

  • Pinaceae
  • Fagaceae
  • Betulaceae
  • Salicaceae
  • Dipterocarpaceae

Some species in the Cupressaceae and most species in the Myrtaceae and Caesalpinoideae also form ECM.

Some plant groups that benefit from ectomycorrhizal fungi include:

  • Alder (endo/ecto)
  • Arborvitae
  • Arctostaphylos
  • Aspen (endo/ecto)
  • Basswood
  • Beech
  • Birch
  • Chestnut
  • Chinquapin
  • Cottonwood (endo/ecto)
  • Douglas-Fir
  • Eucalyptus
  • Filbert
  • Fir
  • Hazelnut
  • Hickory
  • Hemlock
  • Larch
  • Linden
  • Madrone
  • Manzanita
  • Oak
  • Pecan
  • Pine
  • Poplar
  • Spruce
  • Willow (endo/ecto)
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